Research Information Ltd -- 18 January 2022, at 10.18 pm

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Instructions to Authors

Please see the title specific instructions for Outlooks on Pest Management. For all other titles the following Guidance applies.


Whilst these instructions relate mainly to those publications that include formal papers, many of the comments relating to submission of material will be useful to those submitting items for newsletters, etc. We welcome the submission of both formal and informal items, in whatever form they arrive, and we are always glad to talk about possible submissions.


It is helpful if intending authors consult a copy of the relevant publication for style and layout. We are happy to provide a sample copy upon request. Please note that we reserve the right, on behalf of managing editors, to adjust style to conform with in–house standards. However, we make every effort to consult authors when making changes in content.


To avoid confusion and delay, we restrict correspondence to a single author. In submitting a paper for consideration, the corresponding author implicitly states that (a) the work is original, is (b) not simultaneously being offered for publication elsewhere and (c) that any and all co–authors assent to the submission of the work for publication by Research Information Ltd. The corresponding author also agrees to indemnify the publisher against any and all actions arising from publication of the material submitted.


The corresponding author will receive an acknowledgement of receipt of the paper followed by notification of acceptance, or rejection, as soon as possible thereafter.

Electronic Submission

We prefer to receive submissions electronically where possible — by email, or on disk in PC compatible format.


Text submitted electronically should be sent in an agreed word processor format (see below) and also as a plain ASCII text file. Excessive formatting should be avoided, since this generally has to be removed during the production process. Artwork (graphs, figures, diagrams, etc.) may also be supplied on disk, and we can read a variety of presentation and graphics formats. See below for information on figures, tables, line drawings and photographs.


Since there are hundreds of word processor and graphics packages, it is strongly advised that intending authors contact us for an informal chat before commencing manuscript and/or artwork preparation. A brief chat can help smooth the process for both parties.


In all other respects, electronic submissions should conform to the guidelines given for paper–based submissions, below.

Submission on Paper

Manuscripts should be typed, double spaced, on one side of reasonable quality plain white paper of uniform size. Generous margins should be left on both sides. Two copies of the paper should be submitted, and the author should retain a further copy for reference and security. Papers should be in English, but British or American spelling is entirely optional.


The title of the paper should unambiguously reflect its content, without being over-long.


SI (Systeme International d'Unitès) units should be used for all data, with other units, where necessary, enclosed in parentheses. The 'billion' unit should not be used since it is ambiguous: 109 in the USA; 1012 in Europe. The period should not be included in abbreviations (eg, use 'm' for metres rather than 'm.'). The % symbol should be used rather than 'per cent'; 'per' (eg, mg per litre) should be shown as mg litre-1. Greek and unusual symbols should be defined by name in the left–hand margin when they are first introduced. Abbreviations of chemical or other names should also be defined when first mentioned, unless internationally recognised and accepted.


Preferred length for contributions is 1500–2000 words. Shorter papers are, in general, more likely to be published than long ones, and over-long papers will not be considered.


A suggested format for experimental papers is: Abstract; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions, but this scheme is not compulsory. A list of references (if any) should follow the main text, followed by any tables of results.


Tables of results should follow the main text on separate sheets of paper, and should not be placed in the main body of text. Each table should be consecutively numbered and a short caption provided. The author and title of the paper should be written on the back for identification purposes.


A 100–150 word summary should be provided, containing a brief experimental outline along with the main results and conclusions.


This should include an account of the significance of the present work, with possibly a brief review of the relevant literature, plus any background information which you consider relevant.


The method should be laid out clearly and concisely, leaving no room for misunderstanding of experimental design or procedure, while avoiding repetition of similar procedures. Descriptions of previously published experimental results may be left out, as long as results make sense without them. Symbols and abbreviations used should be identified.


References should be listed at the end of the main text in the following form:

Author(s). (Year of publication): Title of Paper. Journal (italic or underlined), Volume number (bold or wavy underline), page number. For example:

Thompson, H.E., G.G. Allen & A.N. Neogi (1981): The control of pine tip moths by using sustained release systemic insecticides, Int. Pest Control, 23(1), 10.

Where the reference is a book (or a section thereof) the published should be named, followed by the relevant page number(s), at the end of the entry:

Garrod, J.F. (1982): The discovery and development of plant growth regulators. In "Plant growth regulator potential and practice" (Ed. Thomas), BCPC Publications, Croydon, p.29.

References should be identified in the text by author's name and date of publication. When a large number of references are involved, superscript reference numbers may be used.

Line Drawings

Authors are encouraged to include these, although they may not always be used. If preferred, originals need not be sent prior to acceptance, providing good quality copies accompany the manuscript. Originals must be supplied upon acceptance of the manuscript for publication.


Photographs should be submitted as high-resolution (300 dots per inch) electronic files if at all possible, or as high-quality prints if not. Full colour photographs are preferred for colour publications, whilst black and white is preferred for monochrome publications as colour originals do not always convert well. Please contact the publishers if you have any queries on this subject.


Line drawings should be in black ink and of a quality high enough to enable immediate reproduction for publication. Originals should be supplied (not photocopies), and these will be resized as appropriate. Labelling should be included, but please remember that a reduction in the final figure size may make small lettering unreadable. Computer prepared illustrations should be submitted as electronic files or prepared using a high quality printer.


As with Tables, each illustration should be consecutively numbered, and the author and title of the paper written on the reverse, using a soft pencil, for identification purposes. Again, a short caption should be provided for each.


Authors of individual papers/articles will receive a copy of the relevant issue of the magazine, newsletter or journal upon publication of their paper/article. Hard copy reprints may be ordered if desired, chargeable at current printing costs.


If you have any questions arising from this text please mail us at

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